What is the gout?

A person may wake up in the middle of the night with the feeling that the thumb of the foot is on fire. They are hot, so swollen and the weight of the cover becomes unbearable. These problems indicate a serious attack of gout or gout arthritis. Men are more likely than women to be infected, while women are particularly susceptible after menopause.

Gout is a pathological condition of infection with arthritis which occurs when high levels of uric acid in the blood cause crystals to form and deposit in and around the joint,  the appearance of symptoms in several forms, the most common of which is during the night periods.

Uric acid is produced when the body breaks down a chemical material called purine.

Purine is naturally formed in your body, but it is also found in certain foods. Uric acid is isolated from the body in urine.

A study in the United States found that about million people suffer from gout and its health care costs for these people  approximately 7.7 billion dollars yearly.

A recent American study revealed that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and low –fat used to reduce high blood pressure, had an effective and powerful effect similar to the use of medicines in the treatment of gout.

What is the gout diet?

The gout diet is a mean to help reduce blood levels of uric acid. The gout diet is not a cure, but it may reduce the risk of gout attacks again and slow the progression of damaged joint disease.

People who follow a gout diet generally need medicine to control the pain and reduce uric acid levels.

What are the goals of the gout diet?

The gout diet is found to help you:

Achieve a healthy weight and establish good eating habits.-

Avoid some foods that contain purines.-

Eat some foods that can control uric acid levels.-

The general rule is to eat moderate amounts of healthy foods.-

The diet gout principles:

The general principles of a diet for people with gout should follow the usual recommendations for a healthy diet, which are:

-weight loss: increase the problem of weight gain with it. It suggests reducing calorie and losing weight without a purine restricted diet. Losing weight also comes from pressure on joints.

Proteins: focus on eating lean meat and poultry, low- fat dairy products and lentils as sources of protein.

Water: you should drink water regularly to stay well hydrated.-

-Fats: reduce saturated fats which found in red meat, high-fat dairy products and fatty poultry.

– Complex Carbohydrates: eat more vegetables, fruits and all grains, which give you complex carbohydrates. you should avoid consuming foods and drinks with high concentrations of fructose corn syrup and limiting the intake of fruit juices that are naturally sweet.

Recommendations for specific foods which include:

Here are some foods that are preferred to be avoided, foods that may permitted in specific quantities and the foods absolutely permissible for a gout patient, according to the purines contain:

Sea food: some kinds of seafood like anchovies, crustacean fish, tuna and sardines have a higher purine content than other types. But the health benefits of eating fish outweigh the risks for people who suffer from gout.

Eating moderate portions of fish can be a part of a gout diet.

Dietary and organic meats: avoid liver, kidney and pancreatic meats, which contain high levels of purines and contribute to high levels of uric acid in the blood.

Red meat: reduce portion sizes of beef and lamb.

Purine-rich vegetables: some studies have shown that vegetables high in purines like asparagus and spinach do not increase the risk of developing gout or frequent exposure for gout attacks.

Sugary foods and drinks: reduce or avoid sugar- sweetened foods like breakfast cereals, baked goods and sweets. Limit or reduce your intake of naturally sweetened fruit juices.

Vitamin C: this vitamin may help lower uric acid levels, that a 500-milligram vitamin C supplement would fit your diet and treatment plan.

Cherry: there is some evidences that eating cherries is associated with a reduced risk of gout attacks.

Coffee: some studies indicate that regular coffee consumption, especially regular coffee that contains caffeine, may be associated with a reduced risk of gout. Drinking coffee may be inappropriate if you have other medical conditions. So you should ask a doctor about the right amount of coffee for you.

Below is a list of what you may eat during a typical day in a gout diet:


Have whole grains or unsweetened breakfast cereals with skimmed or low-fat milk.

one cup of tea. –



slices of grilled chicken. Eat-

-A mix of green salad with vegetables, a big spoon of nuts, a dressing of balsamic vinegar , olive oil and

 low-fat  milk or water.-

Afternoon snack:

One cup of fresh cherries.-



grilled salmon(3 to 4 ounces). Have –

Have grilled or steamed green beans.-

-From half a cup to a cup of whole grain pasta with olive oil and lemon pepper dressing.

Drink some water.-

Have low-fat yogurt.-

one cup of fresh melon. Drink-

drink free of caffeine such as herbal tea. Have a-

What are the consequences of following a gout diet?

Following a gout diet consider one of the most powerful ways to help patients reduce uric acid production. It is unlikely that a gout diet will lower the concentration of uric acid in the blood enough to treat gout without having medicines. But it may help reduce the number of attacks and reduce their severity.

Following a gout diet with limiting or reducing calories and exercising regularly, can also improve your health by helping you reach a healthy weight and maintain it.