Micronutrients Nutrients needed in very small quantities are called micronutrients in which many minerals (such as sodium and calcium) and vitamins … are selected (sodium is the amount of nutritional sodium that the finalists have). Allows high amounts of sodium to be caused by high blood pressure and disorder. Sodium intake will reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, including death, . Some individuals are particularly sensitive to sodium in the diet (for example, older adults, African Americans and patients with chronic kidney disease) are referred to as sodium. Sodium restriction is closely discussed separately calcium and festerol – the calcium intake in postmenopausal women is ≥1200 mg per day, while the intake of viosterol which is ≥400 IU per day is I am younger and a minimum of 800 IU per day for older adults Age. Calcium and phytoestrol are essential for normal skeletal stabilization. Provides the benefits of Calcium and Vesterol in preventing osteoporosis, patients should be encouraged to eat foods that contain Calcium and / or Vesterol, such as fortified milk products. Dietary supplements should be provided to patients with insufficient calcium or fosterol recommendations to supplement calcium and fosterol in treating osteoporosis elsewhere. The effect of calcium and vesterol intake on most of the extracurricular health outcomes is still unclear. This is often discussed separately. Folic acid is also due to its importance for erythrocytes, folic acid has a crucial role in preventing external defects. It is not clear whether folic acid prevents other diseases
• Low intake of folic acid is associated with an increased risk of skin defects. Supplementing with vitamin B complex. A weight of this risk in women. Women should have daily reproductive vitamins containing at least 0.4 mg of vitamin B complex.
• In studies on the list, it was observed that eating higher folate had a lower risk of developing cancer. However, in randomized trials, complex vitamin B supplements do not appear to protect against cancer that increases the risk of colon and rectal cancer and other vitamins
– the nutritional vitamins that are shown are key vitamin allowances. Vitamin supplements are discussed separately appropriately food types – in addition to For example, in prospective cohort studies on healthy men and women, fruits, vegetables, and nuts were produced by weight loss while processed meats, unprocessed red meat, potato chips, and fried foods Sweets were linked to weight gain . Despite the variation in how food classes are classified, many countries categorize food into subsequent groups: fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products, and foods rich in meat / protein]. American Nutritional Guidelines provide a guide to their average daily intake (no calorie-backed food groups). Fruits and Vegetables – Patients should be advised to eat five or more servings of fruits and / or vegetables daily]. Fruits and vegetables are an upscale source of fiber, vitamins, and essential minerals, such as carbohydrates with a glycemic index. Sometimes increased eating of fruits and vegetables decreases the risk of discomfort, cancer, and death. Cardiovascular disease Several studies indicate that the consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. A meta-analysis of cohort studies also found that eating more fruits and vegetables that risk stroke. Compared to eating less than three servings a day, the risks were reduced with three to 5 servings and five servings daily (RR 0.89 and 0.74, respectively) [One study found that the ever-lower risks were associated with higher consumption of cruciferous vegetables (such as broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower) Brussels sprouts), green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C after eating. Six servings a day provided an additional slight decrease in the risk of deficiencyPerfusion compared to eating 5 to 6 servings per day. A possible explanation for this relationship is that the high fiber content in these foods, which can provide great protection against cardiovascular disease and stroke. Cancer Numerous laboratory studies and few observational studies have found some anti-cancer properties of fruits and vegetables, but large potential cohort studies have not found a significant effect on the occurrence of cancer among the general population. Some observational studies provide a link between increased consumption of tomatoes and a lower risk of gland cancer Mortality Large potential cohort studies have been found to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables linked to a decrease in all causes and deaths of coronary heart disease]. Within the prospective European Survey on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), participants consuming eight or more portions of fruits and vegetables per day had a lower risk of coronary heart disease deaths, compared to those who consumed but three portions per day (RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.65 – 0.95). Each increased portion (80 g) was associated with a 4 percent lower risk of coronary heart disease. Grains Individuals are advised to consume at least half of all grains such as whole grains (i.e., three ounces or more whole grains) for a diet containing 2000 calories, as used in American nutritional guidelines. Foods made from wheat, oats, or Rice, corn flour or barley cereal products.
Plant diet Diet varies greatly depending on the degree of dietary restrictions. In line with the most explicit definition
The vegetarian diet consists primarily of grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts; Animal foods, including milk, dairy products, and eggs are generally excluded . Several less restrictive vegan diets may include eggs and dairy products. Some diets may also be grouped as follows:
• Vegetarian plants – vegetables, fruits, legumes and seaweed are included in the diet, while whole grains, especially rice, are emphasized. Locally grown fruits are recommended. Animal foods that are limited to red meat or white meat fish may also be included in the diet once or twice per week.
• Semi-vegan – meat is sometimes included in the diet. Some people who follow such a diet may not eat meat but may eat fish, possibly chicken.
• Lacto-ovovegetarian – eggs, milk, and dairy products (lacto = dairy; egg = eggs) are included, but meat is not consumed.
• Lactovegetarian – milk and dairy products are included in the diet, but eggs or meat are not consumed.
• Vegetarian – All animal products, including eggs, milk and dairy products, are excluded from the diet. Some vegetarians do not use honey. Honey extends beyond the use of animal products such as skin or wool. They may also avoid foods that are processed or that are not organically grown. The long-term effects of a vegetarian diet on health outcomes are difficult to disconnect from the effects of a vegetarian lifestyle (such as regular exercise and avoiding tobacco and alcohol products). However, observational studies indicate that eating a vegetarian diet with a lower incidence of obesity, coronary heart disease producing blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. Additionally, the observational list indicates that being a lean person has greater health benefits and reduces One of the health risks of being a vegetarian. The nutritional suitability of a vegetarian diet should be judged individually, not on the basis of what it is called but on the type, amount, and style of nutrients consumed by vegetarians, who exclude dairy products in their diet, may have low mineral density and a better risk of fractures due to insufficient intake of vitamin Fat soluble patients in a vegetarian diet completely exclude animal products taking cyanocobalamin agreements to take cyanocobalamin supplement. The Dash diet consists of 4 to 5 servings of fruits, 4 to 5 servings of vegetables, 2 to 3 servings of low-fat dairy products per day, and 25% of the dietary intake of fats. DASH diet has been studied in both populations with high blood pressure and high blood pressure and reduces pressure on systolic and blood pressure on a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and making a low-sodium and DASH diet to an additional decrease in pressure, compared to those observed with high Agents blood pressure. Mediterranean diet There is no single definition of a Mediterranean diet, but these diets are usually high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, and dry oil seeds as a vital source of fat. Usually there are low to moderate amounts of fish, poultry, and dairy products, with little meat. The Mediterranean diet provides many health benefits:
• A meta-analysis of 12 studies with 8 groups of the Mediterranean diet was associated with improving health status and overall mortality , Cardiovascular deaths, cancer deaths, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease].
• The largest studies conducted evaluated the compatibility with the Mediterranean diet within the NIH-AARP group in men, and there was a nearly 20 percent decrease in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer, while in women, an identical decrease was found in All causes, cardiovascular deaths, but less benefit for cancer death. Patient information UpToDate provides two types of patient education materials, “The Basics” and “Beyond the Basics.” The Basics of Patient Education Basics are written in clear language, at the fifth to sixth grade reading level, and they answer the four or five major questions that a patient may need In a particular case. These articles are best for patients who need an overview and prefer short, easy-to-read materials. Beyond the basics, patient education portions are longer, more complex, and more detailed. These articles are written at the reading level from tenth to twelfth grade and are best for patients Those who wish to obtain in-depth information and are comfortable with some medical terminology Here are patient education articles presented with the current topic. We encourage you to print these topics or by email to your patients
Summary and suggestions
Maintaining calorie balance over time is vital to maintaining a healthy weight. Calorie intake balancing requires that many individuals lose their typical calorie intake while also engaging in physical activity. Calculating total energy expenditures depends on the daily calories they have on their age, gender, weight and activity level
Calorie intake should be proportional to the three major nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Macronutrients are chemical compounds that are consumed in the largest quantities and provide significant energy.
Micronutrients are nutrients that are required in small quantities and also on many minerals and vitamins
The recommended amount of sodium for the total population is less than 100 mcg / day (2.3 g of sodium or 6 g of sodium chloride). Low sodium intake is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, including death.
• Most individuals consuming a diet do not need to take vitamin supplements.
• Main food groups generally include fruits / vegetables, grains, dairy products, and foods rich in meat / protein)
• Individuals should be advised to eat five or more servings of fruit and / or vegetables daily. Fruits and vegetables are an expensive source of fiber, and the consumption of fruits / vegetables is inversely related to the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and death.
Individuals should be advised to exchange refined grains (such as bread, white rice and refined and sweetened grains) with whole grains (such as whole wheat bread, brown rice, whole grain cereal or oatmeal), which contain a high content of fiber. Refined grains are associated with long-term weight gain
Individuals should be advised to exchange whole milk products (for example, whole milk and ice cream) for fat-free or dairy products (such as skim milk and milk). Consumption of saturated and metabolized carboxylic acids should be kept as low as possible by limiting foods such as partially hydrogenated oils (for example, margarine)
• Individuals should be advised to avoid and process red meat and consult them for a range of protein-rich foods, including seafood and lean meats such as poultry, eggs, beans, peas, soy products, nuts and unsalted seeds. Consuming red meat and processed meats to increase mortality, while consuming red meat. Consuming emotional drinks and other sweetened drinks (for example, fruit drinks) may be a major source of sweetener added to the diet and will be installed. Low-fat diet, vegetarian meals, and dietary approaches to prevent high blood pressure (DASH), this Mediterranean diet is among the most frequently used diets to care for the physiological condition, where weight loss is not necessarily the primary goal. These meals have health benefits . However, it is not known what kind of diet is ideal for the general population. The choice to settle in one of all these diets is usually supported by the individual preference for an ability to stick to a specific diet. This is why the Mediterranean diet is among the most used diets to care for the physiological condition, where weight loss is not necessarily the primary goal. Those meals have health benefits. However, it is not known what kind of diet is ideal for the general population. The choice to settle in one of all these diets is usually supported by the individual preference for an agreement to be able to stick to a specific diet. That is why the Mediterranean diet is among the most frequently used diets to care for the physiological condition, where weight loss is not necessarily the primary goal. Those meals have health benefits. However, it is not known what kind of diet is ideal for the general population. Choosing to settle in one of all these diets is usually supported by the individual preference for an ability to stick to a specific diet.